Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview
J.P. Moreland & William Lane Craig
InterVarsity Press, 2003
Unfortunately it’s quite expensive even for an ebook at almost $58. There’s 3 main chapters on the philosophy of science. The fourth is on the philosophy of time. The second edition of the book will be released towards the end of the year.
What impact is there on epistemology if naturalism is true. The unfortunate conclusion for naturalists is that if naturalism is true, no-one should have any confidence that they could know any truth because the goal of naturalism is survival of the fittest and not the knowledge of truth. Ultimately, the position for a naturalist becomes self-refuting such that any intelligent being could not even know if naturalism is true.
It gets even worse for naturalists because they are usually physicalists (i.e. they deny that mental properties exist) or are property-event dualists (i.e. that mental properties are merely the happenings of prior physico-chemical events like a chain of dominoes). In essence, for property-event dualists, mental properties are epiphenomena that are determined by the laws of physics and chemistry. The “mind” as such has no causal power. This means there i:
- No libertarian free-will,
- No enduring identity,
- No self-awareness (i.e no first person perspective) and
- For the physicalist no intentionality (the mental property of being “of” or “about” something, e.g. Steve was in awe “of” his hero, Mary was concerned “about” her makeup).
All of the above are necessary for rationality. It ultimately means that without an immaterial mind (i.e soul), there is no rationality and no-one who can truly say, “I know, I think, I conclude, or I believe” because there is no “I“.
The combination of the above is doubly catastrophic for the atheist who affirms naturalism and denies the independent existence of souls (i.e. denies substance dualism).
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