The Jehovah’s Witness and blood transfusion
The Jehovah’s Witnesses were founded in the late 1800s by Charles Taze Russell of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. They claim that the Bible is their ultimate source of authority, however, the sect misuses the Bible to vindicate their own peculiar beliefs by mistranslating certain passages, taking others out of context and conveniently omitting other passages which do not support the preconceived beliefs of their founders. Their real authority is the Watchtower organization through their various publications such as “The Watchtower” and “Awake!”
Its members display blind obedience to the sect rather than what is taught by the Bible. Although the sect had existed for many years, it wasn’t until 1944 that the doctrine of prohibiting blood transfusions was introduced. Unbeknown to many of its members there has been a history of its leaders changing their mind and rescinding prohibitions on:
- Vaccinations: prohibited in 1931 and rescinded in 1952 [The Golden Age, 4/2/31, p293]
- Organ transplants: prohibited in 1967 and rescinded in 1980 [The Watchtower, 15/11/67, pp702-704; Awake! 8/6/68, p21; The Watchtower, 15/3/80, p31]
The premise of refusing blood transfusion
According to the Jehovah’s Witness blood transfusion is prohibited on the basis of a number of passages within the Bible [Genesis 9:4; Leviticus 7: 26-27; 17: 10-14; Acts 15:19-21, 29] 1-5. Any Jehovah’s Witness who accepts a transfusion will be summoned by their judicial committee for trial behind closed doors for violation of God’s law. If found guilty, the person is totally shunned by family and friends (“disfellowshiping”). Members of the sect would rather die than accept a blood transfusion.
- The life of an animal is sustained by its blood [Leviticus 17: 14] 3. The Old Testament Law forbade the eating of blood, because the life of an animal was to be offered and sacrificed to God [Leviticus 17: 11-12; 7: 26-27] 3,2
- Sacrificial death (i.e. the shedding of blood) is required to forgive or pardon sin [Leviticus 17: 11, Hebrews 9:22] 3a,3b
- The Old Testament law that required the offering of slaughtered animals was:
- To provide a regular reminder that sins needed to be dealt with (i.e forgiven) [Hebrews 10: 3; 9:27] 6,7
- Never able to forgive sin [Hebrews 10: 1,4] 6
- A model for [Hebrews 10: 1] 3the one and once only sacrifice that would be able to grant forgiveness of sin – the sacrificial death of Jesus Christ, His crucifixion on Calvary [Hebrews 10: 10-14] 3
- The Old Testament law demonstrated God’s requirement and standards. It was meant to highlight the inability of all men to consistently and always uphold these standards – that is, all men are sinful. The function of Old Testament law was to direct all men to have faith in Jesus Christ. It is only by faith in Christ that God’s requirements and standards can ever be fully met [Galatians 3: 22-24] 8
The Old Testament law concerning animal sacrifices has since been superseded by what it represented. The sacrificial death of Jesus Christ has done away with the need for animal sacrifices forever [Hebrews 10: 8-9] 6. Christ has done away with the need to observe the old commands for animal sacrifice including abstention from eating certain foods [Mark 7: 14-23 & 1 Timothy 4:1-5] 9,10. The abstention of certain foods does not bring a person into a closer relationship with God and neither does the ingestion of certain foods in itself alienate us from God ( i.e not sinful) [1 Corinthians 8: 8] 11. In other words, it is not what enters one’s body (e.g. ingestion of food or blood) that makes one sinful but what it is what may come from within our “hearts” – that is sin [Mark 7: 15-23] 9
- Sin is denial of God and ultimately leads to disobedience of His commands. Sin originates from within each one of us– our thoughts, the attitudes of our heart and may be expressed outwardly through our actions [James 1: 14-15 & Mark 7: 20-23] 12,9. Acting contrary to what our consciences know to be wrong is sinful [Romans 14: 14] 13
- There are now only 2 exceptions where the ingestion of certain foods or blood would be sinful:
- When one eats something that is contrary to what one believes to be wrong [Romans 14: 14, 23] 13– this is the fellow believer who is “weak in faith” [Romans 14: 1-3] 14
- When our knowledge of the freedom that we have in Christ [Mark 7: 14-23 & 1 Timothy 4:1-5] 9,10leads us to ignore our brother’s conviction (the one who is “weak in faith”). Instead, we behave in a manner that places a stumbling block to our fellow believer’s faith and/or causes them to be offended [Romans 14: 15-21; 1 Corinthians 8: 8-13] 13,11
This was the situation in Antioch where the non-Jews were new believers. The Christian Jews were offended by the non-compliance of the non-Jews to the Old Testament law. It was essential to clarify that salvation was only possible through faith in Jesus Christ and not through the outward act of obeying the Jewish custom of circumcision. A clear understanding of this important doctrine was far more important than to risk losing sight of this by disputing and causing offence over non-essential issues (such as abstention from certain foods). Allowing the non-Jews to eat without restriction would cause the Christian Jews to be offended and would be contrary to the principles that have been outlined in [Romans 14: 14, 23] 13, [Romans 14: 1-3] 14, [Romans 14: 15-21; 1 Corinthians 8: 8-13] 13,11. These early Christian leaders were well aware of the situation in Antioch and understood these principles. The declaration to avoid ingestion of blood (as noted in Acts 15) was the application of these principles to the specific situation at hand. Hence the directive by James, Paul and Barnabas. [Acts 15: 19-21, 29] 4,5.
Erroneous assumptions that have been made by the Jehovah’s Witnesses
- Ingestion of the blood from slaughtered animals does not equate to blood transfusion between humans. Blood transfusion is erroneously regarded as a form of intravenously feeding blood
- Biblical principles (outlined in point no. 4) concerning the meaning and significance of animal sacrifices, the Old Testament law and regulations regarding various aspects of these sacrifices and the clear declarations by Jesus Christ and Paul about what is sinful have been ignored [Mark 7: 14-23, Hebrews 10: 8-9, & 1 Timothy 4:1-5] 9,6,10
- The Old Testament law of abstention from blood has been erroneously taken by the Jehovah Witnesses to be applicable for all time and for all situations. This law which was cited again in the New Testament by James, Paul and Barnabas. The Jehovah Witnesses have taken this law out of context and applied it without an understanding of the biblical principles (outlined in points no.4 & 6) and the context of the situation in Antioch at the time
- The pharisees attempted to trap Christ and accuse Him of disobeying Old Testament law. Their legalistic application of Old Testament law by attempting to prohibit actions which heal or save life was addressed by Jesus Christ Himself. [Mark 3: 1-6] 15. The Jehovah’s Witnesses blindly teach and misapply the Old Testament law by unnecessarily prohibiting and denying lifesaving transfusion (of blood and/or blood products) to dying persons
- Yet the Jehovah’s Witnesses are inconsistent with their observance of Old Testament laws. They are not prohibited from eating fat of animals eventhough this was also forbidden in the Old Testament [Leviticus 7: 22-25] 2
God’s Word is unchanging and he is not like man that he should change his mind. The Watchtower has previously prohibited vaccination and organ transplantation, only to rescind these some time later. Can we really trust the Watchtower Society in the way they misapply scripture and then change their mind when it suits them? Is this what God is like? When will the Watchtower change their minds about blood transfusion and rescind yet another decree which they claim as gospel? Taken in proper context it is clear that prohibition of blood transfusion primarily denies the saving grace of Jesus’ sacrificial death. The pseudo-Biblical theology that is peddled by the Jehovah Witnesses denies ill and/or dying persons of a well established form of therapeutic and in some cases lifesaving treatment. It is a sharp reminder of the legalistic attitudes and false teaching that Jesus Christ so often observed and deplored amongst the pharisees.
Biblical references (The New King James Version)
- So God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them: ‘be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth. And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be on every beast of the earth, on every bird of the air, on all that move on the earth, and on all the fish of the sea. They are given into your hand. 2Every living thing that moves shall be food for you. I have given you all thins, even as the green herbs. 3 But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood. 4 Surely for your lifeblood I will demand a reckoning; from the hand of every beast I will require it, and from the hand of every man. From the hand of every man’s brother I will require the life of a man. 5 “Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood shall be shed; for in the image of God He made man.” 6 Genesis 9:2-6
- And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 22“Speak to the children of Israel, saying: “You shall not eat any fat, of ox or sheep or goat. 23 And the fat of a beast that dies naturally, and the fat of what is torn by wild animals, may be used in any other way; but you shall by no means eat it. 24 For whoever eats the fat of the beast of which men offer an offering made by fire to the Lord, the person who eats it shall be cut off from his people. 25 Moreover you shall not eat any blood in any of your dwellings, whether of bird or beast. 26 Whoever eats any blood, that person it shall be cut off from his people.” 27 Leviticus 7: 22-27
- (a) And whatever man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn among you, who eats any blood, I will set My face against that person who eats blood, and will cut him off from among his people. 10For the life of flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is blood that makes atonement for the soul. 11 Therefore I said to the children of Israel, “No one among you shall eat blood, nor shall any stranger who sojourns among you eat blood.” 12 And whatever man of the children of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn among you, who hunts and catches any animal or bird that may be eaten, he shall pour out its blood and cover it with dust; 13 for it is the life of all flesh. Its blood sustains its life. Therefore I said to the children of Israel, “You shall not eat the blood of any flesh, for the life of all flesh is its blood. Whoever eats it shall be cut off.” 14 Leviticus 17: 10-14
(b) In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. 22 Hebrews 9:22
- Therefore I judge that we should not trouble those from among the Gentiles who are turning to God, 19but that we write to them to abstain from things polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from things strangled and from blood. 20 For Moses has had throughout many generations those who preach him in the synagogues every Sabbath. 21 Acts 15: 19-21
- That you abstain from things offered to idols, from blood, from things strangled and from sexual immorality. If you keep yourselves from these, you will do well. 29 Acts 15: 29
- For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come and not the very image of things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect. 1For then would they not ceased to be offered? For the worshipers, once purged would have no more consciousness of sins. 2 But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year. 3 For it is not possible that the blood of bull and goats could take away sins. 4 Therefore when He came into the world, He said: “Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you have prepared for Me. 5 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You had no pleasure. 6 Then I said, ‘Behold I have come- In the volume of the book it is written of Me- To do Your will, O God.’ ” 7 Previously saying, “Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them” (which are offered according to the law), 8 then He said, “Behold I come to do Your will, O God.” He takes away the first that He may establish the second. 9 By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. 10 And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 11 But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God, 12 from that time waiting till His enemies are made His footstool. 13 For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified. 14 Hebrews 10: 1-14
- As it is appointed for men to die once but after this the judgement, 27so Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many. To those who eagerly wait for Him He will appear a second time, apart from sin, for salvation. 28 Hebrews 9: 27-28
- Is the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not! For if there had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness would have been by the law. 21But the Scripture has confined all under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. 22 But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed. 23 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 24 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. 25 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 26 Galatians 3: 21-26
- And when he called all the multitude to Him, He said to them, “Hear Me, everyone and understand: 14There is nothing that enters a man from outside which can defile him; but the things which come out of him, those are the things that defile a man. 15 If anyone has ears let him hear!” 16 And when He entered a house away from the crowd, His disciples asked Him concerning the parable. 17 So He said to them, “Are you thus without understanding also? Do you not perceive that whatever enters a man from outside cannot defile him, 18 because it does not enter his heart but his stomach, and is eliminated, thus purifying all foods?” 19 And He said, “What comes out of a man, that defiles a man. 20 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, 21 thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, licentiousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness. 22 All these evil things come from within and defile a man.” 23 Mark 7: 14-23
- Now the Spirit expressly says that in the latter times some will depart from the faith, giving heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons, 1speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their own conscience seared with a hot iron, 2 forbidding to marry and commanding to abstain from foods which God created to received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth. 3 For every creature of God is good, and nothing is to be refused if it is to be received with thanksgiving; 4 For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer. 5 1 Timothy 4: 1-5
- Therefore concerning the eating of things offered to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is no other God but one. 4For even if there are so called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as there are many gods and lords), 5 yet for us there is only one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we live. 6 However, there is not in everyone that knowledge; for some with consciousness of the idol, until now eat it as a thing offered to an idol; and their conscience, being weak, is defiled. 7 But food does not commend us to God; for neither if we eat are we the better, nor if we do not eat are we the worse. 8 But beware somehow this liberty of yours become a stumbling block to those who are weak. 9 For if anyone who sees you who have knowledge eating in an idol’s temple, will not the conscience of him who is weak be emboldened to eat those things offered to idols? 10 And because of your knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died? 11 But when you thus sin against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, you sin against Christ. 12 Therefore, if food makes my brother stumble, I will never again eat meat, lest I make my brother stumble. 13 1 Corinthians 8: 4-13
- But each one is tempted when he drawn away by his own desires and enticed. 14Then, when desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full grown, brings forth death. 15 James 1:14-15
- I know and am convinced by the Lord Jesus that there is nothing unclean of itself; but to him who considers anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean. 14Yet if your brother is grieved because of your food, you are no longer walking in love. Do not destroy with your food for whom Christ died. 15 Therefore do not let your good be spoken of as evil; 16 for the kingdom of God is not food and drink, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. 17 For he who serves Christ in these things is acceptable to God and approved by men. 18 Therefore let us pursue the things which make for peace and the things by which one may edify one another. 19 Do not destroy the work of God for the sake of food. All things indeed are pure, but it is evil for the man who eats with offense. 20 It is good neither to eat meat nor drink wine nor do anything by which your brother stumbles or is offended or is made weak. 21 Do you have faith? Have it to yourself before God. Happy is who does not condemn himself by what he approves. 22 But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because he does not eat from faith; For whatever is not from faith is sin. 23 Romans 14: 14-23
- Receive one who is weak in faith, but not to dispute over doubtful things. 1For one believes he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats only vegetables. 2 Let not him who eats despise him who does not eat, and let him not who does not eat judge him who eats; for God has received him. 3 Romans 14: 1-3
- And He entered the synagogue again, and a man was there who had a withered hand. 1And they watched Him closely, whether He would heal him on the Sabbath, so that they might accuse Him. 2 Then He said to the man who had the withered hand, “Step forward.” 3 And He said to them, “Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to kill?” But they kept silent. 4 So when He looked around at them with anger, being grieved by the hardness of their hearts, He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it out and his hand was restored as whole as the other. 5 Then the Pharisees went out and plotted with the Herodians against Him, how they might destroy Him. 6 Mark 3: 1-6
Again he entered the synagogue, and a man was there with a withered hand. 2 And they watched Jesus, to see whether he would heal him on the Sabbath, so that they might accuse him. 3 And he said to the man with the withered hand, “Come here.” 4 And he said to them, “Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to kill?” But they were silent. 5 And he looked around at them with anger, grieved at their hardness of heart, and said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He stretched it out, and his hand was restored. 6 The Pharisees went out and immediately held counsel with the Herodians against him, how to destroy him. Mark 3: 1-6 ESV
- Whatever man of the house of Israel, kills an ox or lamb or goat in the camp, or who kills it outside the camp, 3and does not bring it to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, to offer an offering to the Lord before the tabernacle of the Lord, bloodguilt shall be imputed to that man, He has shed blood; and that man shall be cut off from among his people, 4 to the end that the children of Israel may bring their sacrifices which they offer in the open field, that they bring them to the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of meeting, to the priest, and offer them as peace offerings to the Lord. 5 And the priest shall sprinkle the blood on the altar of the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and burn the fat for a sweet aroma to the Lord. 6 Leviticus 17: 3-6
- This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. 12Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one’s life for his friends. 13 John 15: 12-13
- Eat whatever is sold in the meat market, asking no questions for conscience’ sake; 25for “The earth is the Lord’s, and all its fullness.” 26 If any of those who do not believe invites you to dinner, and you desire to go, eat whatever is set before you, asking no question for conscience’ sake. 27 But if anyone says to you, “This was offered to idols,” do not eat it for the sake of the one who told you, and for conscience’ sake; for “The earth is the Lord’s and all its fullness.” 28 Conscience , I say, not your own, but that of the other. For why is my liberty judged by another man’s conscience? 29 But if I partake with thanks, why am I evil spoken of for the food over which I give thanks? 30 Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. 31 Give no offense, either to the Jews or to the Greeks or to the church of God, 32 just as I also please all men in all things, not seeking my own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved. 33 1 Corinthians 10: 25-33
Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath
1At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath. His disciples were hungry, and they began to pluck heads of grain and to eat.
2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to him, “Look, your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath.”
3 He said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and those who were with him: 4 how he entered the house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which it was not lawful for him to eat nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests? 5 Or have you not read in the Law how on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath and are guiltless? 6 I tell you, something greater than the temple is here. 7 And if you had known what this means, ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice,’ you would not have condemned the guiltless. 8 For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.”
A Man with a Withered Hand
9 He went on from there and entered their synagogue. 10 And a man was there with a withered hand.
And they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”—so that they might accuse him.
11 He said to them, “Which one of you who has a sheep, if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not take hold of it and lift it out? 12 Of how much more value is a man than a sheep! So it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.” 13 Then he said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And the man stretched it out, and it was restored, healthy like the other.
14 But the Pharisees went out and conspired against him, how to destroy him. Matthew 12:1-14 ESV
Fruit of a Christian life is Love and Goodness
So then, while we have opportunity, let us do good to all people, and especially to those who are of the household of the faith. Galatians 6:10 NASB
12 “This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. 13 Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends. John 15:12-13 ESV
Observance of the Law can save no-one
For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:20 ESV
For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point has become accountable for all of it. James 2:10 ESV
For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it. James 2:10 NIV
10 For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.” 11 Now it is evident that no one is justified before God by the law, for “The righteous shall live by faith.” 12 But the law is not of faith, rather “The one who does them shall live by them.” 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us. Galatians 3:10-13 ESV
For before certain men came from James, he [Peter] was eating with the Gentiles; but when they came he drew back and separated himself, fearing the circumcision party. 13And the rest of the Jews acted hypocritically along with him, so that even Barnabas was led astray by their hypocrisy. 14But when I saw that their conduct was not in step with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas before them all, “If you, though a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you force the Gentiles to live like Jews?” 15We ourselves are Jews by birth and not Gentile sinners; 16yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified. Galatians 2:12-16 ESV
3For we are the circumcision, who worship by the Spirit of God and glory in Christ Jesus and put no confidence in the flesh— 4 though I myself have reason for confidence in the flesh also. If anyone else thinks he has reason for confidence in the flesh, I have more: 5 circumcised on the eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as to the law, a Pharisee; 6 as to zeal, a persecutor of the church; as to righteousness under the law, blameless. 7But whatever gain I had, I counted as loss for the sake of Christ. 8Indeed, I count everything as loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have suffered the loss of all things and count them as rubbish, in order that I may gain Christ 9and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith— 10 that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, 11that by any means possible I may attain the resurrection from the dead. Philippians 3:3-11 ESV
What was the purpose of the Law?
19 What then was the purpose of the law? … 24 the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith. 25 But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian, 26 for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith. Galatians 3:19 NIV, 24-26 ESV
Jesus Christ died for the sins of the world
He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world. 1 John 2:2 NASB
Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us. Galatians 3:13 ESV
He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that [in Him] we might become the righteousness of God in Him. 2 Corinthians 5:21 NASB
Believers die with Christ
For through the law I died to the law, so that I might live to God. 20I have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. 21I do not nullify the grace of God, for if righteousness were through the law, then Christ died for no purpose. Galatians 2:9-21 ESV
Justification & Salvation by Faith
Justified by faith Ephesians
8For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast. 10For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them. Ephesians 2:8-10 ESV
The New Covenant of Life in the Spirit, a free gift, not by following rules
Promised in the Old Testament
“The days are coming,” declares the Lord,
“when I will make a new covenant
with the people of Israel
and with the people of Judah.
32 It will not be like the covenant
I made with their ancestors
when I took them by the hand
to lead them out of Egypt,
because they broke my covenant,
though I was a husband to[d] them,[e]”
declares the Lord.
33 “This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel
after that time,” declares the Lord.
“I will put my law in their minds
and write it on their hearts.
I will be their God,
and they will be my people.
34 No longer will they teach their neighbor,
or say to one another, ‘Know the Lord,’
because they will all know me,
from the least of them to the greatest,”
declares the Lord.
“For I will forgive their wickedness
and will remember their sins no more.” Jeremiah 31:34
The New Testament revelation : the followers of Jesus are not follers of rules, but live and chose by the inspiration of the Spirit of God
3And you show that you are a letter from Christ delivered by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts. 4 Such is the confidence that we have through Christ toward God. 5 Not that we are sufficient in ourselves to claim anything as coming from us, but our sufficiency is from God, 6who has made us competent to be ministers of a new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life. 2 Corinthians 3:3-6 NASB
The Spirit gives life; the flesh counts for nothing. Thewords I have spoken to you—they are full of the Spiritand life. John 6:33
For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in[a]Christ Jesus our Lord. Romans 6:23
by AristotleO, June 2017