This is a list of authors and contributors to The Debriefing.
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- Reported in a New York Times on-line article on October 21, 2020 titled ‘In Shift for Church, Pope Francis Voices Support for Same-Sex Civil Unions’ written by Jason Horowitz https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/21/world/europe/pope-francis-same-sex-civil-unions , and in the print edition on page A1 on October 22, 2020
- The New Forest Shakers, an 1870s and 1880s. English religious sect also known as the “Children of God. The Family International, a US religious sect also known as the “Children of God”
- The Telegraph article referring to the Children of God Sect https://www.telegraph.co.uk/films/0/hollywood-sex-cults-nxivm-children-god-story/
- a person who actively campaigns to have issues of climate change recognized and addressed https://www.collinsdictionary.com/submission/22026/climate+activist#:~:text=a%20person%20who%20actively%20campaigns,global%20movement%20of%20climate%20action.%20%5B
- Swami Vivekananda (2006). “Pathways to Joy: The Master Vivekananda on the Four Yoga Paths to God”, p.39, New World Library
- Archives of Harijan 11 February 1933
- by Mary Doria Russell ISBN 978-0-679-45635-3
- Cormac McCarthy published 1973
- Children of God (film), a 2010 film directed and written by Kareem Mortimer
- Children of God (Swans album), 1987
- Children of God (Phil Wickham album), 2016
- “Children of God”, a song by Eyehategod, from the 1992 album In the Name of Suffering
- “Children of God,” a song by Third Day, from the 2010 album Move
- “Children of God,” a song by Andrew Jackson Jihad, from the 2014 album Christmas Island
- see Michael Heiser http://www.thedivinecouncil.com/Deuteronomy32OTWorldview.pdf
- There are many means for doing so including actual drugs. Others include affirming and spending ourselves serving misanthropic ideologies, entertainment, extreme hedonism etc
- an entitlement to something, whether to concepts like justice and due process, or to ownership of property or someinterest in property, real or personal
- Abdel-Rahim Omran, ed. (2012). Family Planning in the Legacy of Islam. Routledge. ISBN 1134936427.
- Abdulaziz Sachedina (2009). Islamic Biomedical Ethics: Principles and Application. Oxford University Press. p. 139. ISBN 0199702845
- We are human, they are not: Driving forces behind outgroup dehumanisation and the humanisation of the ingroup. Vaes, J., Leyens, J.-P., Paola Paladino, M., & Pires Miranda, M. (2012). We are human, they are not: Driving forces behind outgroup dehumanisation and the humanisation of the ingroup. European Review of Social Psychology, 23(1), 64-106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10463283.2012.665250
- Adopted by the 24th World Medical Assembly, Oslo, Norway, August 1970, and amended by the 35th World Medical Assembly, Venice, Italy, October 1983, and the 57th WMA General Assembly, Pilanesberg, South Africa, October 2006
- backyard abortions
- Darney, Leon Speroff, Philip D. (2010). A clinical guide for contraception(5th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 406. ISBN 1-60831-610-6
- Germaine Greer https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germaine_Greer
- The process of depriving a person or group of positive human qualities. To deprive of human qualities or attributes; to divest of individuality
- hatred of women
- Black Genocide: The most dangerous place for an African-American is in the womb – http://www.blackgenocide.org/black.html
- God saved us when we could not save ourselves by sending his Son to die in our place and receive the punishment we deserve, not because we deserve it but because of his love for us. Jesus is a gift to the helpless.
- The Bible says in 2 Corinthians 2:16 “For those who are being lost, it is a deadly stench that kills; but for those who are being saved, it is a fragrance that brings life”
- Evil exists because there is a balance between Good and Evil Spiritual powers in the universe
- By definition, God knows all things
- the majority of the world’s population and many who claim to be Christian leaders and other ‘nominal’ Christians43 are said to be under the authority of Satan and his power.
- Acts 26:18 to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in Me
- Matthew 12:25-26 Jesus knew their thoughts and said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself will be ruined, and every city or household divided against itself will not stand. If Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then can his kingdom stand?
- While acknowledging Satan’s defeat on the cross, it will not be fully realized until Christ returns. During this interval period, Satan is ruling this evil world system as the ‘god of this age‘44between the first and second comings of Jesus
- essentially describing humanity, living and breathing the air of this material universe
- Do you not know that we will judge angels? How much more matters of this life?
- Misanthropy is the general hatred, dislike, distrust or contempt of the human species or human nature. A misanthrope or misanthropist is someone who holds such views or feelings. The word’s origin is from the Greek words μῖσος (misos, “hatred”) and ἄνθρωπος (anthrōpos, “man, human”)? – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Misanthropy
- Sexuality & Gender : Findings from the Biological, Psychological, and Social Sciences Lawrence S. Mayer, M.B., M.S., Ph.D. and Paul R. McHugh, M.D. Number 50, Fall 2016. John Hopkins University http://184.108.40.206/~thedebri/articles/religion/scientific-evidence-born-gay-transgender/
- Transgender Ideology is producing Large Scale Child Abuse, Michelle Cretella, M.D., is president of the American College of Pediatricians http://220.127.116.11/~thedebri/articles/religion/transgender-ideology-and-child-abuse/
- Jeremiah 17:9 “The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand it?”
- ‘progressive’ means changes which are good for society
- regressive changes are harmful for society
- business and labour organisations would reach an accommodation and work broadly together to exploit the population
- consensus is agreement of the mind to what is proposed or state by another; accord; hence, a yielding of the mind or will to that which is proposed;….We give consent, when we yield that which we have a right to withhold The American Dictionary of the English Language by Noah Webster (1828)
- You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot. Matthew 5:13
- You are the light of the world. A town built on a hill cannot be hidden. Matthew 5:14
- Those who refuse to accept the existence of anything beyond the material universe.
- In political philosophy, the phrase consent of the governed refers to the idea that a government‘s legitimacy and moral right to use state power is only justified and legal when consented to by the people or society over which that political power is exercised.
- Article 21 of the United Nation’s 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that “The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government”
- 17th century Enlightenment Philosopher and physician John Locke believed that people were born with natural rights. People were a product of their environment and what they experience. From this he further explained government existed to protect the people’s natural rights, life, liberty and property. If government failed to do so then the people would exercise their right to rebel. The people then would give their consent to another government to rule never relinquishing their right to rebel.
- behaviour consistent with Satan’s misanthropic agenda
- Rule of law implies that every person is subject to the law.
- A common statement in western nations is “you get the law you pay for” or “how much justice you get depends on how much money you are willing to pay”
- For those emphasising economic globalisation, the main part of the package is increasing integration of the global economy through product and factor markets by way of trade, direct investment and financial flows, greatly aided by deregulation of markets and the liberalisation of trade and capital movements. http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/rp/rp0102/02RP07#what
- While economic aspects remain central, globalisation embraces more, if less precise, transformations through the associated spread of information, perceptions and ideas. These latter influences, in particular, have themselves provided the organisational flexibility that leads to various characteristics of economic globalisation. ……….. Clearly, as already noted, there is much more to globalisation than economic changes. The international connections include as well as economics and technologies, social, political and cultural links that, as with the economic and technology links, increasingly tend to override territorial, legal and political barriers and change the nature of political and social governance. http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/rp/rp0102/02RP07#what
- a secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful
- Those who can effect change within each society
- sorcery, magical arts, often found in connection with idolatry and fostered by it
- the good news of salvation by grace through faith in the death and resurrection of Jesus
- . Any of various primates of the family Hominidae, whose only livingmembers are modern humans. Hominids are characterized by an uprigh tgait, increased brain size and intelligence compared with other primates, aflattened face, and reduction in the size of the teeth and jaw. Besides themodern species Homo sapiens, hominids also include extinct species of Homo (such as H. erectus) and the extinct genus Australopithecus. In someclassifications, the family Hominidae also includes the anthropoid apes. “homonid”. The American Heritage® Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. 11 May. 2017
- the fossil record is inadequately explained by atheistic naturalistic theories. In particular, it is inadequately explained by ‘evolutionary theory’ for a number of reasons. These include the argument that there is no direction or design in evolution, that it is a natural process which results in random selection simply based only upon prevailing environmental features and fitness to survive and compete, that long periods of stability in the fossil record with relatively sudden change is due to relatively sudden environmental influences which are not clearly matched by other evidence, and that the lack of transitional forms is just a matter of sample size. More significantly problematic are the arguments that that biological barriers (such as the formation of DNA, cellular machinary in a complete cell, multicellular organisms, species transition etc) are overcome in some way by the evolutionary process of natural selection and random mutation.
- God is sometimes described using building analogies in Scripture, laying foundations then the next step. Indeed, he uses such a description in correcting Job 38:4-7
- The garden’s location is described in Genesis 2:813
- Septuagint Genesis 4 7 Hast thou not sinned if thou hast brought it rightly, but not rightly divided it? be still, to thee shall be his submission, and thou shalt rule over him.
- the Greek form of similar, τουτοιs, is feminine form and therefore applies to the feminine nouns here which are the cities, not the angels who have masculine grammatical forms
- See a succint summary of this by Don Stewart https://www.blueletterbible.org/faq/don_stewart/don_stewart_724.cfm
- biological, spiritual and or other
- remember there is an emphasis on the ‘kind‘ of plant and animal breeding after its ‘kind‘ in Genesis 1:12,21,24, 6:20
- Naamah means pleasant in Hebrew : http://www.abarim-publications.com/Meaning/Naamah.html#.WRjwE2iGOUk
- the account of Lamech is more fully dealt with in http://18.104.22.168/~thedebri/articles/solid-food/lamech/
- an explanatory parenthesis – ‘Nephilim‘ not referring to the ‘sons of God‘, nor the ‘mighty men‘, and the “mighty men” simply refers back to the ‘sons of God‘, not the ‘Nephilim‘
- This conquest of Canaan is led by Joshua and appears to be governed by the strategy of genocidal extermination of the remnants of the Nephilim/Rephaim/Anakim (sons of Anak), Joshua 11:21-23. It is concluded by David in conquest of the Philistine cities and prefigured when he kills the giant Goliath, 1 Samuel 17:4 ff
- According to Michael Balter in Science, Jan. 28, 2015, Humans and Neandertals likely interbred in Middle East – http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/01/humans-and-neandertals-likely-interbred-middle-east
- Og, the king of Bashan, was a giant connected to the Babylonian God Marduk (Nimrod) in Genesis 10:6-12. The dimensions of Og’s bed (not his own dimensions of course) matched those of the fertility chamber in the Babylonian Ziggurats
- real spiritual powers in rebellion against God and involved in the rebellion and corruption of humans
- perhaps even potentially interbreeding with them though this is not indicated in the Bible
- Mellars, P. A., K. Boyle, O. Bar-Yosef and C. Stringer, eds. (2007). Rethinking the Human Revolution: new behavioural and biological perspectives on the origin and dispersal of modern humans. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. ISBN 978-1-902937-46-5
- In the 1970’s it was thought to have happened 40,000 years ago in Europe but the exact timing and location remains a matter of investigation : see “When Did the Human Mind Evolve to What It is Today?”, Smithsonian.com
- popularised in a book called Sapiens by Dr Youval Noah Harari and noted by Awais Aftab August 27, 2013 quoting notes from A Brief History of Humankind by Dr. Yuval No h Harari
- Klein, Richard G. (2000). “Archaeology and the evolution of human behavior”. Evolutionary Anthropology. 9: 17–36. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6505(2000)9:1<17::AID-EVAN3>3.0.CO;2-A
- Klein, R. G.; Edgar, B. (2002). The dawn of human culture. New York: John Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-25252-8
- for example, the European catastrophe that followed as WWII following the appeasement of Nazi Germany by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
- The first was when the kingdom was divided into the Northern Kingdom and Judah. The second was the Assyrian destruction of the Northern Kindom of Israel. The third was the Babylonian destruction of Judah and the exile of the Jews. The fourth occurred after God had graciously given them another chance and moved the Persian King Cyrus to allow the Jews to return from exile and rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem. However, this ended when they crucified Jesus when the power that raised Jesus from the dead began to move amongst Jews and non-Jews alike to create the ‘new’ Israel. The Roman destruction of Jerusalem and scattering of the Jews in 68 A.D. from was an epilogue to the process of disinheritance
- Despite the flow of Biblical theology, many Christians do not believe they have been completely disinherited as a nation, and this is a particular pro-Israel influence on US foreign policy
- Jewish converts to Chrisitanity and Christians from other nations, ethnicities and races
- This demonstrates once and for all the methodology God has chosen to end the otherwise endless struggle between the ‘seed‘ of the Eve and the ‘seed‘ of Satan – God himself will set things right.
- Between the resurrection of Jesus and the return of Jesus
- Winston Churchill’s actual line was “Democracy is the worst form of Government. Except for all the other forms”. He also said an “appeaser is one who feeds the crocodile hoping to be eaten last.”
- for example, Paul Davies’ discussion of “shadow life” “If life arises readily in earthlike conditions, as many astrobiologists contend, then it may well have started many times on earth itself, raising the question of whether one or more shadow terrestrial biospheres of alternative life forms have existed in the past or still exist today.” – lecture titled “Shadow Life: Life As We Don’t Yet Know It” on Feb. 15 at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. His presentation is part of the symposium “Weird Life.”
Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2009-02-cosmologist-paul-davies-explores-notion.html#jCp
- Astrobiology is the study of the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe: extraterrestrial life and life on Earth.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astrobiology
- The main techniques used to detect exoplanets include Direct imaging, Radial velocity,Transits, Microlensing, Transit timing variations:
- Abiogenesis is the process by which life arises naturally from non-living matter. Scientists speculate that life may have arisen as a result of random chemical processes happening to produce self-replicating molecules.rationalwiki.org/wiki/Abiogenesis
- The Goldilocks Zone, Habitable Zone, or Life Zone is the relatively narrow range of distance from a star within which an orbiting planet (or in some cases a planet’s moons) may be able to sustain life, at least the carbon-based forms we know and love, because the temperature is right for water to remain liquid.rationalwiki.org/wiki/Astrobiology
- André Brack (1998). “Introduction” . In André Brack. The Molecular Origins of Life. Cambridge University Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-521-56475-5. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
- George V. Coyne, S.J. is a Jesuit priest, astronomer, and former director of the Vatican Observatory and head of the observatory’s research group which is based at the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona
- Isomerism, the existence of molecules that have the same numbers of the same kinds of atoms (and hence the same formula) but differ in chemical and physical properties. The roots of the word isomer are Greek—isos plus meros, or “equal parts.” Stated colloquially, isomers are chemical compounds that have the same parts but are nonetheless not the same – http://www.britannica.com/science/isomerism
- An object or a system is chiral if it is distinguishable from its mirror image; that is, it cannot be superposed onto it – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chirality
- Richard Dawkins seems to argue the notion that natural selection applies to non-life as an explanation The Blind Watchmaker: Why the Evidence of Evloution Reveals a Universe without Design (New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, 1996),5
- Hart, Michael H. (1975). “Explanation for the Absence of Extraterrestrials on Earth”. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 16: 128–135
- Schilling, G. (June 13, 2012). “ScienceShot: Alien Earths Have Been Around for a While”. Science
- Buchhave, L. A.; et al. (June 21, 2012). “An abundance of small exoplanets around stars with a wide range of metallicities”. Nature 486: 375.Bibcode:2012Natur.486..375B
- Exploration consists of sending a mission towards other stars once the necessary technological level are reached.
- Extrapolating from observations of terrestrial civilizations since the beginning of time.
- The lifespan of a star in a stable form is limited. Under these conditions, sooner or later, space flights and interstellar flights will prove to be essential to survival.
- The current pessimistic fi parameter is much lower than the original Drake estimate due to the rare low radiation present on Earth. Taking into account the original estimate, the result rise to 0.08 civilizations in our galaxy.While these calculations result in N<<1, some observers believe this is still compatible with observations due to the anthropic principle:no matter how low the probability that any given galaxy will have intelligent life, the galaxy that we are in must have at least one intelligent species by definition.There could be hundreds of galaxies in our galactic cluster with no intelligent life whatsoever, but of course we would not be present in those galaxies to observe this fact.Enrico Fermi assumed the existence of only one extraterrestrial civilization capable of intersidereal travel (at a speed lower than the speed of light). He assumed that this civilization would be interested in the conquest of the Galaxy and that it progressed by jumps, colonizing a planet during a few hundred or thousands years, then sending tens of vessels towards new conquests.The problem is that after only a few million years, the whole of the Galaxy is under the influence of this extraterrestrial civilization (the low rate of travel being largely compensated by the exponential increase of the vessels number).Simulations of an expansion show that it is possible for one civilization to colonize the whole galaxy in about 10 million years, a short time compared to the age of the Galaxy (ten billion years).The question then arising, and famously formulated by physicist Enrico Fermi in 1950: since only one extraterrestrial civilization could spread in a relatively short time, how is it possible that that we never saw the extraterrestrial ones and that our radio telescopes never collected signals of suspect origin?
- is the contradictory and counter-intuitive observation that we have yet to see any evidence for the existence of aliens.http://www.sentientdevelopments.com/2007/08/fermi-paradox-back-with-vengeance.html
- . In 1966, Sagan and Shklovskii speculated that technological civilizations will either tend to destroy themselves within a century of developing interstellar communicative capability or master their self-destructive tendencies and survive for billion-year timescales. Sagan, Carl. “Cosmic Search Vol. 1 No. 2”. Cosmic Search Magazine
- Self-annihilation may also be viewed in terms of thermodynamics: insofar as life is an ordered system that can sustain itself against the tendency to disorder, the “external transmission” or interstellar communicative phase may be the point at which the system becomes unstable and self-destructs : Hawking, Stephen. “Life in the Universe”. Public Lectures. University of Cambridge. Archived from the original on April 21, 2006.
- Stephen Hawkings warns humanity about it’s own destined disaster in http://www.smh.com.au/technology/sci-tech/humans-will-cause-disaster-on-earth-must-escape-to-stars-stephen-hawking-warns-20160119-gm9lna.html.
- . Brin, Glen David (1983). “The ‘Great Silence’: The Controversy Concerning Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life”.Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 24: 283–309. Bibcode:1983QJRAS..24..283B
- . Archer, Michael (1989). “Slime Monsters Will Be Human Too”.Aust. Nat. Hist 22: 546–547
- . eg the extinction of the dinosaurs. Causes include impact from a large meteorite, massive volcanic eruptions, or astronomical events such as gamma-ray bursts
- Nick Bostrom, Milan M. Ćirković. Global catastrophic risks.Section 12.5 – The Fermi Paradox and Mass Extinctions
- Conceived in 1998 by Robin Hanson,http://io9.com/5970501/the-great-filter-theory-suggests-humans-have-already-conquered-the-threat-of-extinction.
- “We suggest that the outer regions of the Galactic disk are the most likely locations for advanced SETI targets,” Milan M. Ćirković and Robert Bradbury SUPERLIST3/20/13 http://io9.com/11-of-the-weirdest-solutions-to-the-fermi-paradox-456850746
- Guth, Alan (2007). “Eternal Inflation and its Implications”(PDF). Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical 40(25): 6811–6826. arXiv:hep-th/0702178.Bibcode:2007JPhA…40.6811G. doi:10.1088/1751-8113/40/25/S25
- Newman, W.T. and Sagan, C. (1981). “Galactic civilizations: Population. dynamics and interstellar diffusion”. Icarus 46 (3): 293–327. Bibcode:1981Icar…46..293N. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(81)90135-4
- Brin, Glen David (1983). “The ‘Great Silence’: The Controversy Concerning Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life”. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 24: 287, 298.Bibcode:1983QJRAS..24..283B
- “Cosmic Search Vol. 1 No. 3”. Bigear.org. September 21, 2004
- Learned, J; Pakvasa, S; Zee, A (2009). “Galactic neutrino communication”. Physics Letters B 671 (1): 15–19.arXiv:0805.2429. Bibcode:2009PhLB..671…15L.doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2008.11.057
- by creating massive artificial virtual environments, transfer themselves into these environments through mind uploading, and exist totally within virtual worlds, ignoring the external physical universe Bostrom, Nick (22 April 2008). “Where Are They?”. MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Carrigan, Richard A. (2006). “Do potential SETI signals need to be decontaminated?”. Acta Astronautica 58 (2): 112–117.Bibcode:2006AcAau..58..112C.doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2005.05.00
- Marsden, P. (1998). “Memetics and social contagion: Two sides of the same coin”. Journal of Memetics-Evolutionary Models of Information Transmission 2 (2): 171–185.
- Beatriz Gato-Rivera (1970). “A Solution to the Fermi Paradox: The Solar System, Part of a Galactic Hypercivilization?”.arXiv:physics/0512062.
- Brin, Glen David (1983). “The ‘Great Silence’: The Controversy Concerning Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life”.Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 24: 283–309. Bibcode:1983QJRAS..24..283B
- Webb, Stephen (2015-05-18). If the Universe Is Teeming with Aliens … WHERE IS EVERYBODY?: Fifty Solutions to the Fermi Paradox and the Problem of Extraterrestrial Life.ISBN 978-0-387-95501-8.
- the so-called SETI Paradox ;Alexander Zaitsev (2006). “The SETI paradox”.arXiv:physics/0611283
- . Cook, Stephen P. “SETI: Assessing Imaginative Proposals”.Life on Earth and other Planetary Bodies. p. 54. ISBN 978-94-007-4966-5.
- sometimes referred to as the “algae vs. alumnae” problem :Tarter, Jill (2006). “What is SETI?a”. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 950 (1): 269–75.Bibcode:2001NYASA.950..269T. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2001.tb02144.x. PMID 11797755
- F.G Crick and L. E. Orgel, “Directed Panspermia,” Icarus 19 (1973), 341-348
- Knowing (2009), Mission to Mars (2000) and Prometheus (2012). In Expelled : No Intelligence Allowed, Promise Media (2008) Ben Stein the narrator explains that (faced with the scientific evidence) Richard Dawkins was not against Intelligent Design, just certain types of designers such as God
- Ball, J (1973). “The zoo hypothesis”. Icarus 19 (3): 347–349.Bibcode:1973Icar…19..347B. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(73)90111-5
- 34. Crawford, I.A., “Where are They? Maybe we are alone in the galaxy after all”, Scientific American, July 2000, 38–43, (2000)
- Baxter, Stephen (2001). “The Planetarium Hypothesis: A Resolution of the Fermi Paradox”. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 54 (5/6): 210–216.Bibcode:2001JBIS…54..210B
- Tough, Allen (1986). “What Role Will Extraterrestrials Play in Humanity’s Future?” (PDF). Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 39 (11): 492–498.Bibcode:1986JBIS…39..491T
- Shermer, Michael (2011). “UFOs, UAPs and CRAPs”.Scientific American (Nature Publishing Group) 304 (4): 90–90.doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0411-90
- cosmologist James Annis refers to as the phase transition model of the universe
- Rare Earth: Why Complex Life Is Uncommon in the Universe is a 2000 popular science book about xenobiology by Peter Ward, a geologist and paleontologist, and Donald E. Brownlee, an astronomer and astrobiologist, both faculty members at the University of Washington. Ward, Peter D.; Brownlee, Donald (January 14, 2000). Rare Earth: Why Complex Life is Uncommon in the Universe (1st ed.). Springer. p. 368. ISBN 978-0-387-98701-9.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rare_Earth_(book)))((Gonzalez, Richards, The Privileged Planet: How Our Place in the Cosmos is Designed for Discovery, Regnery Publishing, 2004, ISBN 0-89526-065-4
- nothing very unusual about the evolution of the Solar System, Earth’s history, the evolution of biological complexity, human evolution, or any one nation.Given the existence of life on Earth, that life typically exists on Earth-like planets throughout the universe][42. Goodwin, Gribbin, and Hendry’s 1997 Hubble Parameter measurement relying on the mediocrity principle The authors call this the ‘Principle of Terrestrial Mediocrity’ even though the assumption they make is that the Milky Way Galaxy is typical (rather than Earth). This term was coined by Alexander Vilenkin (1995)
- Lineweaver, Charles H (2008). Paleontological tests: human-like intelligence is not a convergent feature of evolution. From fossils to astrobiology. Springer. pp. 353–368
- “The Intelligent-Life Lottery”. New York Times. Aug 18, 2014
- Chemists and biologists are still not entirely sure how the first self-replicating molecules came into existence. Unlike its big brother, DNA, RNA is a single-stranded molecule that has a much shorter chain of nucleotides. Moreover, it usually needs DNA to reproduce itself — which would have been a problem given the absence of DNA in those early days. That said, scientists know that RNA is capable of reproducing through autocatalysis. It does this by storing information similar to DNA, which allows it to become its own catalyst (a ribosome). This so-called RNA World Model suggests that RNA can function as both a gene and an enzyme — a pre-DNA configuration that eventually became the basis for all life.
- Given that we’ve never detected life elsewhere, it’s difficult to know how difficult this initial step was. But that said, this form of life emerged super-early in the Earth’s history — about a billion years after its formation, and immediately after the cooling of rocks and the emergence of oceans.
- The leap from single-celled life to complex single-celled life — was exceedingly difficult, if not highly improbable. The process of copying a genetic molecule is extremely complex, involving the perfect configuration of proteins and other cellular components. Here’s how it likely happened: Once a self-replicating molecule emerged, the presence of RNA allowed for the formation of protobionts, a theoretic precursor to prokaryotic cells. These tightly bound bundles of organic molecules contained RNA within their membranes — which could have evolved into proper prokaryotic cells. And here’s where it gets interesting. After the formation of prokaryotes —about 3.5 billion years ago — nothing changed in the biological landscape for the next 1.8 billion years. Life in this primitive form was completely stuck. But what we do know is that the next few steps — Imagine that — no evolution for almost two billion years. It was only after the endosymbiosis of multiple prokaryotes that complex single-cell life finally emerged — a change that was by no means guaranteed, and possibly unlikely.And it’s this highly improbable step, say some scientists, that’s the Great Filter. 169 DAILY EXPLAINER12/21/12 2:00pm
- Creationism is the religious belief that the Universe and life originated “from specific acts of divine creation.” For young Earth creationists, this includes a biblical literalist interpretation of the Genesis creation narrative and the rejection of the scientific theory of evolution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creationism
- eg NASA physicist Dr. Robert Sheldon in Dr Michael Heiser, “Panspermia,” in How to Overcome the Most Frightening Issues You Will Face this Century (Crane: Defender 2009)
- Hugo de Garis “From Cosmism to Deism,” Kurzweil Accelerating Intelligence, January 18, 2011, http://www.kurzweilai.net/from-cosmism-to-deism
- not presuming to identify the source of intelligence (whether it be God or UFOs or something else), the vast majority would be theists recognising the design which pervades the biological world as evidence for the existence of God
- a few atheists cannot deny the strong evidence for design but are not willing to acknowledge a Creator God. They tend to interpret the data as evidence that earth was seeded by some sort of master race of extraterrestrial creatures (aliens). Without addressing the origin of the aliens they return to the original problem with no credible answer.
- Much modern Research is hampered by the cognitive inconsistency of recognising that life cannot arise by chance, but that this is not purposeful and intelligently designed – Roger White, “Does Origins of Life research Rest on a Mistake?” Nous 41, No. 3 (2007), 453-577
- “The Intelligent Design Theory is not biblical creationism. There is an important distinction between the two positions. Biblical creationists begin with a conclusion that the biblical account of creation is reliable and correct, that life on Earth was designed by an intelligent agent—God. They then look for evidence from the natural realm to support this conclusion. Intelligent Design theorists begin with the natural realm and reach the conclusion that life on Earth was designed by an intelligent agent (whoever that might be).”http://www.gotquestions.org/intelligent-design.html
- “life is comprised of intertwined parts that rely on each other in order to be useful. Random mutation may account for the development of a new part, but it cannot account for the concurrent development of multiple parts necessary for a functioning system”.http://www.gotquestions.org/intelligent-design.html
- “since specified complex patterns can be found in organisms, some form of guidance must have accounted for their origin. The specified complexity argument states that it is impossible for complex patterns to be developed through random processes.”http://www.gotquestions.org/intelligent-design.html
- The principle was formulated as a response to a series of observations that the laws of nature and parameters of the universe take on values that are consistent with conditions for life as we know it rather than a set of values that would not be consistent with life onEarth. The anthropic principle states that this is a necessity, because if life were impossible, no living entity would be there to observe it, and thus would not be known. That is, it must be possible to observe some universe, and hence, the laws and constants of any such universe must accommodate that possibility https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthropic_principle
- The Anthropic Principle is the Law of Human Existence. It is well known that our existence in this universe depends on numerous cosmological constants and parameters whose numerical values must fall within a very narrow range of values. If even a single variable were off, even slightly, we would not exist www.gotquestions.org/anthropic–principle.html
- Mark Isaak (ed.) (2005). “CI301: The Anthropic Principle”.Index to Creationist Claims. TalkOrigins Archive. 2007-10-31.
- The strong anthropic principle (SAP) as explained by John D. Barrow and Frank Tipler states that this is all the case because the universe is compelled to eventually have conscious and sapient life emerge within it.
- Anthony Flew and Roy Abraham Varghese, There Is a God; How the World’s Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind (New York, NY: HarperOne,2008), 114
- Anthony Flew and Roy Abraham Varghese argue that “the multiverse theory is vacuous because….it explains everything and nothing“, p. 118 There Is a God; How the World’s Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind (New York, NY: HarperOne,2008)
- Some critics of the SAP argue in favor of a weak anthropic principle (WAP) similar to the one defined by Brandon Carter, which states that the universe’s ostensible fine tuning is the result of selection bias: i.e., only in a universe capable of eventually supporting life will there be living beings capable of observing and reflecting upon fine tuning. Most often such arguments draw upon some notion of the multiverse for there to be a statistical population of universes to select from and from which selection bias (our observance of only this universe, compatible with life) could occur.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthropic_principle
- George F. R. Ellis, “Does the Multiverse Really Exist?”Scientific American
- Hawking, S. W.; Hertog, Thomas (February 2006). “Populating the Landscape: A Top Down Approach” (PDF). Phys. Rev.D73 (12): 123527. arXiv:hep-th/0602091v2
- Stenger, Victor J. (1999-07-03). “The Anthropic Coincidences”. Colorado.edu.
- In English the word homosexual was first used in 1892 in the English translation of Krafft-Ebing’s “Psychopathia sexualis” which was a reference work, in German, on sexual perversions. It first appeared in 1886 and was enormously popular, being reprinted about once a year!”(http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_year_did_homosexual_become_a_word)
- “homosexual (adj.) 1892, in C.G. Chaddock’s translation of Krafft-Ebing’s “Psychopathia Sexualis,” from Ger. homosexual, homosexuale (by 1880, in Gustav Jäger), from homo-, comb. form of Gk. homos “same” (see homo- (1)) + Latin-based sexual.
- [H. Havelock Ellis, “Studies in Psychology,” 1897] Sexual inversion (1883) was an earlier clinical term for it in English. The noun is recorded by 1895. In technical use, either male or female; but in non-technical use almost always male. Slang shortened form homo first attested 1929.” (http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=homosexuality&searchmode=none)
- Sexuality & Gender : Findings from the Biological, Psychological, and Social SciencesLawrence S. Mayer, M.B., M.S., Ph.D. and Paul R. McHugh, M.D. Number 50, Fall 2016. www.TheNewAtlantis.com
- Matt Slick calls this a ‘category mistake’ https://carm.org/born-gay-like-born-race
- Aristophanes’ speech in Plato’s Symposium … Aristophanes states that the original humans were bipartite and were split apart by Zeus. Since then, each half has searched for its “other half,” but there were three types of humans before: androgenous, all-male, and all-female. This, Aristophanes explains, is why some men — seeking for their partner — prefer men to women and there are women who “do not care for men” but “have female attachments.” Aristophanes then declares that those of the all-male (what we would now call “gay”) group are the “best … because they have the most manly nature.”https://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=338
- Rob Gagnon http://www.robgagnon.net/AnswersToEMails.htm
- Gay men lifespan shorter than non gay men: “The life expectancy for gay and bisexual men is 8 to 20 years less than for men in general. Robert S. Hogg et al., “Modeling the Impact of HIV Disease on Mortality in Gay and Bisexual Men,” International Journal of Epidemiology 26 (1997): 657.” (Exodus Global Alliance, exodusglobalalliance.org/ishomosexualityhealthyp60.php)
- In 2007, MSM [Men Sex with Men] were 44 to 86 times as likely to be diagnosed with HIV compared with other men, and 40 to 77 times as likely as women.” (Center for Disease Control, http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/msm/index.htm)
- Gay and Lesbian Medical Association, glma.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=feature.showFeature&FeatureID=319&E:\ColdFusion9\verity\Data\dummy.txt
- there is no difference in homosexual health risk depending on the level of tolerance in a particular environment. Homosexuals in the United States and Denmark – the latter of which is acknowledged to be highly tolerant of homosexuality – both die on average in their early 50’s, or in their 40’s if AIDS is the cause of death. The average age for all residents in either country ranges from the mid-to-upper-70s.” onenewsnow.com/Culture/Default.aspx?id=255614)
- In their study of the sexual profiles of 2,583 older homosexuals published in Journal of Sex Research, Paul Van de Ven et al. found that “the modal range for number of sexual partners ever [of homosexuals] was 101–500.” In addition, 10.2 percent to 15.7 percent had between 501 and 1000 partners. A further 10.2 percent to 15.7 percent reported having had more than 1000 lifetime sexual partners. Paul Van de Ven et al., A Comparative Demographic and Sexual Profile of Older Homosexually Active Men,” Journal of Sex Research 34 (1997): 354.” (See more statistics on Promiscuity at http://www.carm.org/statistics-homosexual-promiscuity)
- 2% of U.S. population is gay yet it accounts for 61% of HIV infection: “Men who have sex with men remain the group most heavily affected by new HIV infections. While CDC estimates that MSM represent only 2 percent of the U.S. population, they accounted for the majority (61 percent; 29,300) of all new HIV infections in 2009. Young MSM (ages 13 to 29) were most severely affected, representing more than one quarter of all new HIV infections nationally (27 percent; 12,900 in 2009).” (Center for Disease Control, cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/HIVIncidencePressRelease.html)
- Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) represent approximately 2% of the US population, yet are the population most severely affected by HIV and are the only risk group in which new HIV infections have been increasing steadily since the early 1990s . . . ” (Center for Disease Control, http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/msm/index.htm)
- Domestic Violence higher among homosexuals: “‘the incidence of domestic violence among gay men is nearly double that in the heterosexual population.‘(Gwat Yong Lie and Sabrina Gentlewarrier, “Intimate Violence in Lesbian Relationships: Discussion of Survey Findings and Practice Implications,” Journal of Social Service Research 15 (1991): 41–59.” (exodusglobalalliance.org/ishomosexualityhealthyp60.php)
- Sex of women with women at greater health risk than women with men: “For women, a history of sex with women may be a marker for increased risk of adverse sexual, reproductive, and general health outcomes compared with women who reported sex exclusively with men.” (American Journal of Public Health, ajph.aphapublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/97/6/1126)
- P. Cameron and K. Cameron, “Homosexual Parents,” Adolescence 31 (1996): 772
- Laumann, The Social Organization of Sexuality, 216; McWhirter and Mattison, The Male Couple: How Relationships Develop (1984): 252-253; Wiederman
- Michael S. Heiser, The Unseen Realm; 2015 Lexham Press
- The Bible has many examples where humans have sexual intercourse then attribute the pregnancy to God – Genesis 18:9-14, Genesis 21:1-2, Genesis 25:21, Genesis 29:32-35, Genesis 30:16-24, 1 Samuel 1:19-20, Psalm 17:14, Psalm 127:3, Isaiah 44,2,24. It is not that God is having sex, but that the sex is inspired by God to achieve a specific procreation in the lives of those people.
- Genetic map reveals impact of interbreeding with ancient Denisovans and Neanderthals. “Modern humans interbred with Denisovans 100 generations after they bred with Neanderthals” Report in ABC SCIENCE BY BIANCA NOGRADY on a recent article in Current Biology http://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2016-03-29/impact-of-interbreeding-with-ancient-denisovans-and-neanderthals/7275182
- Charlesworth claims that the serpent does not tempt Eve (it merely asks her a question!), it tells the truth (unlike God), is described as wise (not crafty), and is not a symbol of evil. J.H. Charlesworth, The Good and Evil Serpent (Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library; New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010), 294-96. Though this is not sustainable from the text, especially once God’s response is considered Genesis 3:14-15
- Recently James Charlesworth has written a massive book entitled The Good and Evil Serpent in which he argues that in the ancient Near East and classical world the serpent was mostly viewed positively, not negatively, and he claims this is also true of the Bible, including the serpent of Genesis 3. However, while his ancient Near Eastern and classical material are fascinating, I would point out that most references in the Bible indicate that the serpent was viewed negatively, and this is certainly the case in Genesis 3. https://www.bibleinterp.com/articles/2015/04/day398028.shtml quoting : S.G.F. Brandon, Creation Legends of the Ancient Near East (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1963), 130, 135, 139; J.H. Charlesworth, The Good and Evil Serpent (Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library; New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010), 294-96 ;
- most frequently we read of serpents biting people (Gen 49:17; Prov 23:32; Eccles 10:8, 11; Jer 8:17; Amos 5:19; 9:3); they also symbolize the wicked (Ps. 40:5, ET 3; 58:5, ET 4) and are mentioned in connection with the dreadful wilderness and scorpions (Deut 8:15). In addition, the chaos monster defeated by Yahweh is depicted as a serpent (Job 26:13; Isa 27:1). However, the bronze serpent Nehushtan is viewed positively in Num 21:8-9 (unlike in 2 Kgs 18:4, when it had become idolatrous), as are the apparently partially serpentine heavenly seraphim of Isaiah 6
- What Every Christian Ought to Know by Adrian Rogers 2005 ISBN 0-8054-2692-2 page 162
- General linguistics by Francis P. Dinneen 1995 ISBN 0-87840-278-0 page 118